http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/issue/feed ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 2020-06-19T13:22:46+06:00 Firuz FEVZI submission@ispecjournal.org Open Journal Systems <p>ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences &amp; Humanities is an open access, peer-reviewed, international indexed and refereed journal published by IEDSR ASSOCIATION. Its main objective is to provide an intellectual platform for the international scholars. It aims to promote interdisciplinary studies in humanities and social science and become the leading journal in humanities and social science in the world.</p> http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/51 Developing and Doing Validity and Reliability of the Motivational Factors Scale of Recreational Motorcycle Usage 2020-05-27T17:06:40+06:00 Prof. Dr. Faik Ardahan faikardahan@hotmail.com Selçuk GÜLEÇ selcukgulec07@gmail.com <p>The main aim of this study is to develop “The Motivational Factors Scale of Recreational Motorcycle Usage - RMKO” and define the validity and reliability for Turkish population. The study was descriptive and sampling group was consisted of 947 volunteer participants all around Turkey. For data collection, e-questionnaire form sent to participants who have Facebook group and Associations of Recreational Motorcycle User, Motorcycle Clubs and Institutions as email. 948 feedbacks were received between 01<sup>st</sup> December 2016 and 31<sup>th</sup> May 2017. Six of items of 45 items excluded due to low initial communalities (&lt;0.40) in after first Explatory Factor Analysis (AFA). For the validity of EFA with rest 39 items, Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity and Kaiser–Meyer–Oklin (KMO) have been run, and Pearson Correlation Test has been used for identify correlations between items and components and the results have been assessed in 0.01 and 0.05 significant level. RMKO was grouped into eight factors. These factors are “Socialization”, “To be away and Relaxing”, “Experiencing the Power of Motorcycle”, “Physical Activity and Healthy”, “Renovate/Developed”, “Self-Competition /Achievement”, “Exemplifying”, “Recognition”. As a result, it can be concluded that “The Motivational Factor Scale of Recreational Motorcycle Usage - RMKO” has reliability and validity in the estimation of the reasons of recreational usage of motorcycle for the Turkish population.</p> 2020-06-19T00:00:00+06:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/50 Unemployment Anxiety of University Students 2020-05-26T15:59:13+06:00 Aylin SURAT aylin@nevsehir.edu.tr Dilek CERAN cerand@nevsehir.edu.tr <p>When an individual have the feeling that something bad will happen, concern or apprehension, the feeling he/she feels perceive of anxiety. In Turkey and the world unemployment which is one of the biggest problems causes unemployment anxiety in job seekers. In university senior students the thought of not being able to find a job after graduating&nbsp; and job uncertainty causes students to experience unemployment anxiety. The aim of this study is to determine whether university senior students experience unemployment anxiety and to investigate whether there is a difference between students' unemployment anxiety according to demographic characteristics. The study was applied to a total of 139 senior students at Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University Faculty of Art and Science. A survey was conducted to determine the unemployment anxiety level and demographic characteristics of students. The answers were entered into the SPSS package program and tried to test the research hypotheses. In the study, factor analysis, which is one of the multivariate statistical analyzes, was used to classify the variables. Independent samples t-test and one-way analysis of variance were used to examine the hypotheses of the study. To evaluate the differences at the sub-dimensions, the unemployment anxiety sub-dimensions were determined. It was determined that there is a difference in the unemployment anxiety dimensions according to the demographic characteristics of area, departments, gender, settlement areas and overall grade average.</p> 2020-06-19T00:00:00+06:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/54 Competitiveness of Turkey in Organic Olive and Olive Oil Sector 2020-05-29T16:45:04+06:00 Tuğçe KILIÇ sbudak@uludag.edu.tr Şule TURHAN sbudak@uludag.edu.tr <p>Along with the growing interest in healthy living and nutrition in the world, the importance of production and consumption of wild olive and olive oil has been increasing in recent years. The competitiveness of industry in Turkey, not only to olive production, interest in the processing industry and commerce has boosted. Investments in olive and olive oil sectors from different sectors have increased. Starting from this approach, which is located in Turkey's two major export products of olive and olive oil sector has been the subject of this study. Comparative Export Performance (CEP) index was used to measure the competitiveness of the sector. The study covers the years 2005-2017. According to the findings obtained with the CEP index, it is seen that we do not have a competitive advantage in the olive oil sector and we have a competitive advantage in the olive sector against Egypt and Argentina. However, it has been determined that we do not have the same advantage against Spain, Greece and Morocco. Despite these results are included in Turkey's exports in the first two products in 10 countries.</p> 2020-06-19T00:00:00+06:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/55 Van İli Merkezindeki 10-12.Sınıf Öğrencilerinde Narkotik Madde Kullanım Yaygınlığı 2020-06-19T01:48:20+06:00 Adil YILMAYAN adilyilmayan@hotmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Gençlerde narkotik maddenin kullanımı ve bununla alakalı davranışlar toplumun istikbali noktasından önemsenmesi gereken toplumsal bir sorundur. Gençlik bu maddeleri denemeye kalkma noktasından en tehlikeli bir çağ olarak kabul görülmektedir. Bunun için sigara, alkol ve narkotik madde kullanımıyla alakalı çalışmaların ekserisi daha samunmasız dönem olan ‘Gençlik’i merkeze almaktadırlar. Bu araştırmanın amacı, lise dönemi gençlerinde sigara, alkol ve narkotik madde kullanım yaygınlığının tesbit edilmesidir. Bu amaca yönelik, Van ili Merkezindeki 25 lisenin 10. ile 12.sınıflarında bulunan 2814 öğrenciye anket formu uygulanmış; araştırmanda madde kullanımı: lise 10.sınıf öğrencilerinde sigara %13,1, alkol %2,7, esrar %1,5, ekstazi %0,7, tiner-bali &nbsp;%1,5, Akineton %0,5, kokain %0,8, eroin %0,8, amfetamin % 0,5, captagon %0,5, yeşil reçete %0,6 oranlarında; 12.sınıf öğrencilerinde sigara &nbsp;%16,1, alkol %4,9, esrar %2,0, ekstazi %0,8, tiner-bali %1,4, akineton %0,4,&nbsp; kokain %0,7, eroin %0,5, amfetamin %0,4;&nbsp; captagon %0,4; yeşil reçete %0,5 oranlarında olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Lise 12. sınıf öğrencilerinde lise 10. sınıf öğrencilerine kıyasla sigara, alkol ve esrar kullanım yaygınlığı anlamlı olarak daha fazladır. Erkek Öğrenciler arasındaki sigara, alkol, esrar ve diğer narkotik madde kullanım nisbetleri kızlardan anlamlı olarak daha fazladır. Araştırmaya alınan Okul Türlerindeki öğrencilerde en fazla kullanılan maddeler %29,3’le sigara olup bunu %7,6 alkol, %3,6 esrar, %2,9 tiner-bali ve&nbsp; %1,5’le ekstazi izlemektedir. Verilerede yaşam boyu en az bir kere madde kullanım oranı; Fen Lisesinde en az, Anadolu Lisesinde en yüksek olduğu; Meslek Liselerinde ise, yaşam boyu en az bir kere madde kullanım oranları Anadolu Lisesinden az, Fen Lisesinden de yüksek olmasına karşılık okul türleri arasındaki oranlarda da önemli bir anlamlılık bulunmamıştır. Öğrencilerin narkotik maddeyi temin ettiği yerlere kolay ulabilirliğinin madde kullanma oranındaki yükselmede önemli bir anlamlılık görülmüştür.</p> 2020-06-19T00:00:00+06:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/52 The Profile of Recreational Motorcycle Users: Turkey Case 2020-05-27T17:09:36+06:00 Prof. Dr. Faik Ardahan faikardahan@hotmail.com Selçuk GÜLEÇ selcukgulec07@gmail.com <p>The main aim of this research was to identify the profile of the Recreational Motorcycle Users in Turkey. The research was descriptive and sampling group was consisted of 947 participants all around Turkey. Data was collected by using questionnaire form developed for specifically for this research with electronic survey on social media between 1th February 2017- 30 th June 2017. In the processing of data, descriptive statistic methods have been used. The findings show that recreational motor users were well educated, men, average aged, have average monthly income, employed in private and public sector, using Endure, Scooter and Turing/Sport Touring motor types, spent 15% of their annual income, decided to use motor by themselves, prefer to participate in motor activities with alone and/or other motor users, to waste their free time in passive activities like surfing and resting in home, but some prefer outdoor sports and fitness centers, watching documentaries and newscasts on TV, also some of their brother/sisters use motor, not prefer reading books, going cinemas, watching TV, but they spent most of spare time by talking about motors, even if they have enough specialization on motor usage and safety, they want advanced driving courses. Their most important motivational reasons for using motor were feeling freedom, get renewed and refreshed feelings, and escape from daily routine. As a result, it can be concluded that recreational motor usage is a life style and creates a big economic impacts, even if they define themselves as conscious motor user, they state there are numerous unconscious motor user and drivers in daily traffics, and must be given courses about advanced driving, safety and responsibility of respect.</p> 2020-06-19T00:00:00+06:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/53 High Vs Low: Turkish Parser’s Attachment Preferences to Relative Clauses 2020-05-29T01:34:31+06:00 Cengiz TURAN cturan@atu.edu.tr <p>The present study investigates parsing preferences to Turkish relative clauses (RC) using eye-tracker method and comprehension questions presented to the participants following each experimental sentences. In this framework, the possible effects of the RC on attachment types (low – high) were analyzed. The data gathered from a total of sixty participants were considered. Twenty-eight experimental sentences were developed based on RC and two attachment types thus, testing four conditions along with twenty-eight filler sentences. General direction of processing is that the high attachment (HA) configuration caused slightly less cognitive load than the low attachment (LA). Nevertheless, reading times belonging to HA sentences statistically longer on NP2 (the second noun phrase following the RC area). Longer fixation durations on main verbs were observed with significant differences in LA sentences. Regarding the answers to the comprehension questions, the data complement the findings from online processing. It can be stated that Turkish parser prioritizes syntactic operations during the early processing. However, lexical-semantic information of the main verb overrides these operations in the event of a structural ambiguity. Processing of HA sentences is more rapid than the LA sentences. Overall, Turkish is suggested to be a HA language.</p> 2020-06-21T00:00:00+06:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities