ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities <p>ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences &amp; Humanities is an open access, peer-reviewed, international indexed and refereed journal published by IEDSR ASSOCIATION. Its main objective is to provide an intellectual platform for the international scholars. It aims to promote interdisciplinary studies in humanities and social science and become the leading journal in humanities and social science in the world.</p> ISPEC Institute en-US ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 2717-7262 Impact of Covid-19 in India: Issues , Challenges and Opportunities <p>The first case of COVID-19 was detected in Wuhan city of China. The mysterious virus believed to have been spread by the sea food or bat. In a few days ,it gripped the entire world. Consequently, WHO(World Health Organisation) had to declare it a pandemic. There was no option before the world except social distancing and lockdown to keep safe from it. There are a number of issues such as disruption of supply chain, shutdown of core manufacturing sectors , loss of revenues from railways, aviation, tourism, unemployment, problems of the migrant workers, poverty , collapse of informal sectors, Micro Small and Medium enterprises and e-commerce. There are challenges before the country to deal with these issues as how to manage the survival , provide employment, eradicate poverty and improve the health sector. The country can seek various opportunities from lockdown such as utilisation of manpower , information and machine technology. The positive impact of lockdown has fallen on environment. Pollution levels have come down. Air has cleaned and Air Quality Index has improved. The paper examines the impact of lockdown, issues of economic growth as well as the opportunities wrought from the crisis.</p> Ruchi Kansal Mahtab Ahmed Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4 5 438 448 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss5pp438-448 Some Issues Regarding the Translitteration of Kutadgu Bilig (Egypt Generation) <p>In this study, some writing issues about the Egyptian copy with Arabic letters, one of the three valuable copies of Kutadgu Bilig, will be discussed. In this study, based on the Egyptian copy of Kutadgu Bilig, different spelling features that appear in the reading of Reşit Rahmeti Arat and the reading done by us will be determined. These differences will be evaluated in two different groups as vowels and consonants. For this study, firstly, the parts belonging to the Egyptian copy were removed from the text publication of Reşit Rahmeti Arat, which included three copies, and a text specific to the Egyptian copy was created. For this, both the text and footnotes have been used. The second reading was made by me, completely independent of Arat, considering only the copy.The first example given was taken from the Kutadgu Bilig Text publication of Reşit Rahmeti Arat. The example in the second part is the form of the word that is thought to be spelling. Next to the examples given, the copy of the word, the number of pages, couplets and line notation are added respectively.Examples of vowels / a /, / e /, / ı /, / i /, / o /, / u / and / ü / have been identified, and only examples of consonants / d / and / z / consonants could be found. This study contains only one thousand couplets of Kutadgu Bilig, and I think that the resulting number of samples gives us the chance to make a generalist comment on the whole copy.</p> Melek ÇUBUKCU Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4 5 449 475 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss5pp449-475 Assessment of the Challenges of Value Chain Process in the Case of Ethiopia,Tigray Manufacturing Sector <p>The study assesses the challenges of value chain process in Ethiopia manufacturing sectors. The objective of the study was to provide an insight on the principles of value chain and its activities ,the linkage between partners and actors of the value chain and the major challenges that hinder the efficient, transparent and effective process of the value chain in the manufacturing sector. The methods used for the study were the questionnaires, semi structure interview and field visit observation in the study area. The finding shows that though different efforts were done by the government companies could not bring the required change in the value chain process due to lack of skilled manpower ,poor linkage of stakeholders, and poor infrastructure and information diffusion by the actors result in weak market share and poverty reduction, starting from raw materials to customer that include from supplier producer, wholesalers, retailers, and consumers that create various problems for the whole value chain operations like lack of demand forecasts, poor customer handling and production to prevent high cost and minimize risk in the process. Therefore, decision makers and partners should be work closely together enable firms to achieve their intended objectives. Develop market infrastructure and other measures to reduce marketing costs in reducing transaction costs and producing competitive products, incentivized business schemes to attract investors, open and develop transport roads and market infrastructure with facilitate access to affordable and quality inputs and technology.</p> Abrehet Mehari Gebreslassie Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4 5 476 492 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss5pp476-492 The Effect of Web-Assisted English Teaching, Based on Using Habits of Mind, on the Attitudes and Academic Achievements of 9th and 10th Grade Students <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="TR" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">The purpose of this study is to measure the effect of Web-assisted teaching, based on using Habits of Mind, which designed for 9th and 10th grade English lesson on students’ attitudes and academic success. The research has been carried out with quantitative method and repeated measures analysis. Participants are 36 students who are studying at Hasan Celal Güzel Anatolian Imam Hatip High School in Çankaya, Ankara. Both before and after the study, an attitude scale towards English lesson and an achievement test were applied to the students. It has been examined whether a significancy exists or not between the means acquired from the tests. In the data analysis, descriptive statics and paired sample t-test have been made by SPSS 15 programme. According to the Attitude Scale results, there is a positive increasing and a significancy between the mean of pre-test and the post-test. Also there is a significancy between the mean of academic achievement tests. Consequently, it could be said that web-assisted English teaching has been made positive impacts on the students’ attitudes toward English lesson and also improved their academic success significantly.</span></p> Merve ERİN Özden DEMİRKAN Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4 5 493 510 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss5pp493-510 Socio-Cultural Psychology in Reading Behavior of Employees and Determining Organization Culture <p style="text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">In the present diverse Organization culture, every Management need to determine motivational factors, policies, events and provide culture-based targets to lead the organization to achieve goals. In this journey every organization should understand the behavioral factors of their workforce. Psychology, on the other hand is a study of mind and behavior of human beings. This study considers important elements of psychology to study behavior of human at a said time to identify factors which motivates employees at workplace and improve efficiency. Understanding employee’s behavior also poses useful to set acceptable policies and work culture to the employees. This study also includes how behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures, how it affects human behavior and thinking. A Likert scale is constructed based on important elements of psychology, the scores are analyzed to examine which point gets high score, further descriptive statistics was calculated to examine its variability and Reliability test on the construct was conducted to check whether the construct is reliable to the study are not.</span></p> Mahalakshmi.V Shobha.T Banashri Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4 5 511 534 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss5pp511-534 The Analysis of Bangladesh’s Foreign Policy Activities in 1971-2006 in terms of Critical Geopolitics <p style="text-align: justify;">In the 1980s, the concept of ‘critical geopolitics’ emerged as a new approach in international relations analysis by criticizing the ‘classical geopolitical theory’. This concept, which investigates the position of a country in the international arena by focusing on the foreign policy activities of different units and organizations of a country, has attracted a lot of attention in ‘geopolitics’ studies. In this study, foreign policy activities and the roles of Bangladesh in international and regional organizations between 1971 to 2006 were analyzed in terms of ‘critical geopolitics’. In the study, it was seen that Bangladesh, which gained its independence after the war against Pakistan, which was an ally of the USA and China during the cold war and which was the biggest Muslim country in South Asia, was very successful in its foreign policy activities in the first years. Especially, gaining membership in international organizations in a very short time, developing bilateral relations with Pakistan, China and the USA and Muslim countries very quickly, and putting forward the idea of regional cooperation efforts and promoting efforts to protect world peace have facilitated the strengthening of Bangladesh’s geopolitical position. Due to its active role in the international arena, Bangladesh has been seen to have its own economic interests. Due to its active role in the international arena, Bangladesh also gained its own economic interests.</p> Rahmat Ullah Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 4 5 535 551 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss5pp535-551