ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh <p>ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences &amp; Humanities is an open access, peer-reviewed, international indexed and refereed journal published by IEDSR ASSOCIATION. Its main objective is to provide an intellectual platform for the international scholars. It aims to promote interdisciplinary studies in humanities and social science and become the leading journal in humanities and social science in the world.</p> ISPEC Institute en-US ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 2717-7262 After Covid-19 New Payments Methods in International Trade http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/105 <p>The Corona epidemic that started about in 2019 brought changes in the fields of economy, politics and education. Significant changes have occurred in the forms of payment and delivery, which is one of the important issues in international trade.Incoterms 2020, after ICC announced on September 10, 2019, Incoterms International Trade Terms) investigated the responsibilities of cross-border merchants (exporter) and buyers (importer) for the delivery of tradable goods, to investigate new forms of payment after the Covid 19 outbreak. Information about payment methods in international trade is given.In the research, the literature search was done and after 2020 Corona virus, researches and payment methods in the world were examined. According to the research result, after the Sars virus, developed countries established their digital infrastructures and made their preparations about 20 years ago and made their commercial infrastructures suitable for remote trade.&nbsp; He prepared the payment methods for the establishment of the ICC Digital infrastructure. Economic stagnation and a fall in GDP are related to a decrease in demand. China, one of the countries where the virus started, was not caught in Corona. The rich continue to be rich, the poor still become poor.</p> Selminaz ADIGÜZEL Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 4 4 271 284 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss4pp271-284 Burn Applications in Mardin Traditional Folk Medicine http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/103 <p>Folk medicine has emerged with the combination of environmental factors with tradition, tradition, and experience. In Mardin, folk medicine methods and practices continue to exist by changing and developing in parallel with the development of modern medicine. In this study, burn treatment applications, which have an important place in the traditional folk medicine of Mardin, are discussed over a sample burn case. The case subject to this study was monitored from the first day, the applications performed were regularly monitored and recorded. The patient's left hand was burned by pouring hot oil. In the first examination at Mardin State Hospital emergency department, a 2nd-degree burn diagnosis was made, the first intervention was performed and the patient was exited. When the pain became unbearable in the following hours, there was a need to resort to folk medicine methods. A folk physician living in the district of Kızıltepe in Mardin province applied to Ş.B. The mixture prepared by the folk physician with two medicines, beeswax, wax, olive oil, and village eggs was applied to the wound periodically. It was observed that the wound healed almost without any scar after a treatment period of approximately two and a half months. The most important feature of this practice is the combination of traditional folk medicine and modern medicine in treatment. The application in this case reveals the importance of using the possibilities of folk medicine and modern medicine together in the treatment of diseases.</p> Tekin Çifçi Halit Demir Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 4 4 285 295 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss4pp285-295 Postpartum Psikoz Belirtilerinin Kültürel Boyutu ile Ele Alınması: Albasması İnancı http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/106 <p>Bu çalışmada kültürel değerlerin çok kültürlü bir topluma sahip ülkemizde ne anlama geldiği, ifade stili, bölgesel anlam farklılıkları gibi konular çerçevesinde doğum kültürü ele alınmıştır. Doğum kültürü bağlamında en çok inanılan ve ülkemizde en yaygın görülen kavram albasması inancıdır. Albasması inancı ile postpartum psikoz arası ilişki incelenmiş ve benzer noktaların saptanması amaçlanmıştır. Kültürün doğum ile ilişkisinde albasması inancı hemen hemen her kesimin bildiği ve dikkat ettiği bir kavramdır. Yapılan araştırmalara göre albasması belirtileri ile postpartum psikoz tanı kriterlerinin benzerlik gösterdiği sonucuna varılmıştır. Bu iki konunun karşılaştırılmasına yönelik nitel ya da nicel bir çalışma verisine rastlanmamıştır. Bu sonuca bakarak literatüre katkı sağlayacak önemli çalışmaların ortaya çıkacağı düşünülmektedir.</p> Nazım ŞEN Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 4 4 296 308 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss4pp296-308 Participation of Syrian Refugee Children who Live in Turkey in Work Life and Child Workers Problem http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/70 <p>With the evolution of civil commotions into a civil war in Syria in 2011, millions of people who dream of a better life were forced to leave their home countries and migrated to various parts across the World. In this context, Turkey has received most influx of refugees and has been most affected country by these migrations not only due to its location with respect to Europe but also due to becoming developed in terms of political, economic and cultural aspects compared with other Middle East countries and due to historical ties between Turkey and Syria.</p> <p>Most sensitive group of this migration process is refugee children. In this study, access to education and training of refugee children under the age of 18 which constitute the largest part of Syrian refugee community, participation in work life together with living a quality life and the problems encountered in work life in the Province of Konya were investigated. Following the investigation, what regulations were introduced to prevent employment and exploitation of refugee children have been searched, and it was examined whether these regulations were enough or not to solve these problems. In literature survey of this work, legislative regulations, too, currently in force in addition to protection works of refugee children after mass migration to Turkey have been investigated. Then, general evaluations after investigation findings were obtained and solution offers for the problems of Syrian refugee children in work life have been presented.</p> Mustafa Özer Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 4 4 309 327 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss4pp309-327 An Investigation on Academists Dutting in the Occupational Health and Safety Program of Universities http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/74 <p>Occupational Health and Safety is at every stage of our life. It can be considered as protecting the health of employees and providing a safe working environment in the businesses that come to our mind. The purpose of occupational health and safety; Prevention of work accidents and occupational diseases is to ensure the full social, mental and physical well-being of the employees. In addition, it is aimed to gain occupational health and safety awareness by adding the occupational health and safety course to the curriculum in universities. OHS Specialist profession has emerged with the need of professionals in the field of Occupational Health and Safety over time. At the universities, the Occupational Health and Safety program is opened in associate and undergraduate degrees, and it is aimed to meet the needs of experts in the sector. Academicians in physics, chemistry, biology, engineering faculties and technical education faculties attended the course since there were no trained professors in the establishment of the programs. Over time, teachers who have the OHS expertise or OHS trainer certificate have entered the course and the academics trained in the field have started to be trained with a master's and a doctorate. Today, the number of proficient teachers is low. There is still no specific specialty. In this study, it is a study to examine the academic careers, specialties, demographic structures and whether they want to continue their academic careers in the field of OHS by academicians who provide OHS education at universities. The data obtained were analyzed with the "IBM SPSS Statistics 22.0" program. The reliability of the study was provided by finding the value of "Cronbach Alpha (α)" 0.623. We see that the majority of academicians are male, married, C class certificate, lecturers. We see that the respondents want to get the title of associate professor in the field of Occupational Health and Safety and think that the OHS Program should be in the engineering faculty. As a result; We see that there are a few of the teachers working in the field of Occupational Safety. According to these results, we can say that it will take time to train professors and professors in the field of Occupational Health and Safety.</p> Berna GÜR Şenol YAVUZ Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 4 4 328 342 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss4pp328-342 Impact of Counselling on Mental Health and Academic Anxiety: A Review of Existing Literature http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/80 <p>Adolescence is crucial period in the life span where there are notable opportunities for the changing life experiences, there is lack of counselling services for mental health, anxiety and well-being. Mental health is now recognised is being crucial to over-all health and it is defined as 'subjective wellbeing, perceived self-efficacy, autonomy, competence, intergenerational dependence and self-actualization of adolescence. Despite widespread and increasing awareness of the mental health, anxiety and other psycho-social challenges which are being faced by adolescents, their needs in this area are largely unmet particularly in India. Counselling services can be contributed in adolescent’s mental health, academic anxiety, other psycho-social aspects for their successful completion of educational process and further entries in the various work-fields and employment. Counselling can play crucial role in achieving the dual goals of school safety and educational improvement, supportive and positive learning environment for them. Thus, the present study is an attempt to review the impact of counselling services on mental health and academic anxiety among adolescents, based on review of previous researches that have been conducted. The discussion along with some suggested measures have been included in research paper for emphasising the impacts of counselling for adequate mental health and academic anxiety.</p> Tabassum Fatima Kashifa Khan Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 4 4 343 349 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss4pp343-349 A Research on Marketing and Consumer Habits in Konya Jewelry Sector http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/63 <p>More than 50 percent of the world's gold production and more than 90 percent in our country are used in jewelry making. Gold, which has been used for decoration and investment instrument for centuries, continues to be demanded by the people of our country in order to both decorate and saving with a habit stemming from our traditions. Turkey’s jewelry sector, which is in the top 5 in the world gold demand and ranked 2nd in gold jewelry exports, currently has 5500 jewelry shops, 20 large jewelry production complexes, 100 wholesale jewelry stores, 40 thousand jewelry shops and 250 thousand employees work in this sector. Jewelry sector has produced for many years with manual labor. Today, the sector has to keep up with the transition to technology-intensive production in order to operate in the world markets and to meet the increasing export demand. The problems of the sector, which has come to a certain place in the world markets and strives for first place, are dealing with greater attention than before. After 1990, the sector was put into a reform process. Necessary institutions for the development of the sector have been put into operation. On the other hand, the development of this industry; While it manifests itself in issues such as branding, product design, technological innovations, marketing strategies, deficiencies in legal regulations damage especially the small-scale jewelry traders. In this study, luxury consumption and hedonic shopping habits are examined by searching literature. In this respect, the phenomenon of consumption was first examined in detail. In the second part, the jewelry sector was explained in all aspects, and then a research was conducted on the consumer habits and the state of the sector with the support of the Konya Jewelers Association.</p> Emre NALÇACIGİL Ahmet Fatih ÖZYILMAZ Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 4 4 350 386 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss4pp350-386 Crisis Management and Early Warning Systems in Enterprises http://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/64 <p>The crisis indicates negativity. This negativity can occur at different degrees and levels. For enterprises, the crisis includes every situation that can reduce the profitability of businesses and even threaten the existence of the business. Accordingly, conflicts within the enterprise, separation of the personnel from the enterprise, not finding new personnel, not finding raw materials, market losses, problems with suppliers or distributors, and most importantly, the political or economic problems that the country or the world may experience, and their negative effects on the business as crisis. It can be considered. Crises are time of danger, but they are also moments that can be turned into opportunities. Organizations can benefit from the crisis when they are ready for the crisis and implement the strategic goals they have developed rapidly. As a result, the crisis can be defined as the process during which organizations and administrations pass a good test. The purpose of this study is to define the concept of crisis, to reveal the crisis management issue in businesses, to evaluate the theories on this subject and to examine the situation in practice with a field study on the subject. The best way to deal with crises is to take precautions to ensure that crises never arise. In this regard, the concept of crisis has been defined in the first part of the study and detailed information about the crisis has been given. In this section, the internal and external factors of the crisis, the stages of its formation, possible positive and negative consequences are discussed in detail. In the second part, crisis management and how it is more effective and easier to get out of the crisis, the crisis management process, types and approaches are extensively studied. In the last section, Crisis exit strategies and early warning systems are evaluated.</p> Emre NALÇACIGİL Ahmet Fatih ÖZYILMAZ Copyright (c) 2020 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 4 4 387 437 10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss4pp387-437