ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 2024-03-20T14:44:07+03:00 YETER ÇİLESİZ Open Journal Systems <p>ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences &amp; Humanities (E-ISSN: 2717-7262) is an open access, peer-reviewed, international indexed and refereed journal published by IEDSR ASSOCIATION. Its main objective is to provide an intellectual platform for the international scholars. It aims to promote interdisciplinary studies in humanities and social science and become the leading journal in humanities and social science in the world.</p> Studies That Can Be Done To Ensure That More Talented Students Prefer Vocational High Schools 2024-01-04T17:20:56+03:00 Rabia OLGUN Adem ÖZDEMİR Elif DOĞAN Nagihan ÇITAK Hasan AKGÜL <p>It is seen that economically developed countries have manpower. It is inevitable for the individual to train qualified manpower, recognize his own knowledge and abilities, and choose professions that suit his interests and abilities. In this sense, high schools that provide vocational and technical education have been established in order to meet the social needs and expectations of individuals in different professional fields and to train intermediate staff for need packages. It is not preferred by either. It is observed that these schools, which provide vocational and technical education in Turkey, are preferred by more talented people and provide more comprehensive intermediate staff training. You can also use technology to make it easier for you to use the information you need to study literature. Adequate vocational education, continuing employment problems, modernization of schools, making the tools and equipment used suitable for the sector, raising awareness of families and making cuts in the exams for the knowledge and skills sought to be acquired in these schools. Cuts for higher education were determined to increase the preference of these science schools.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities A Systematic Review Of The Effect Of Positive Psychotherapy Depression Mood Disorder 2024-01-07T04:53:36+03:00 Ozan GELMEZ Meryem KARAAZİZ Ayşe BURAN <p>The effect of Positive Psychotherapy, which is a therapy approach that has been used more actively in recent years, on the basis of different mental health is handled by various studies. Although the operation of Positive Psychotherapy in different mental states has been examined, no review has been found in using the field type that positive psychotherapy observed.The aim of this research is to examine the use of Positive Psychotherapy on depressed patients. In this study, a systematic review method was used and no field studies or scales were used. The studies in Turkish and English are between the years 2017-2021. The research includes adults over the age of 18. As a result of the scanning, 5 studies were discussed. The first study considered was with the relational screening method, while the other four studies were randomized controlled studies. As a result of 5 studies, Positive Psychotherapy applications were given to depression patients to a large extent effectively. It has been observed that Positive Psychotherapy sessions and practices cause a significant decrease in the negative symptoms in the biological, psychological and social areas of depressionpatients.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities Examining The Effect Of Recreation Activities On Disabled Individuals And The Rehabilitation Process Of Disabled Individuals 2024-01-28T13:58:34+03:00 Kübra TOKÖZ Gamze GÜNEY <p>This study is a qualitative study that examines the effects of recreation activities applied in addition to the treatment and rehabilitation process of disabled individuals on the disabled individual and the rehabilitation process. Qualitative research method was preferred in the study in order to understand the social environments in which the participating individuals are in and the effects they observe in more detail. In this study, 127 private and public personnel who provide rehabilitation services to disabled individuals participated voluntarily. In the qualitative study, the questionnaire technique was used. The researchers prepared a questionnaire consisting of 30 items, 5 of which were open-ended and 25 of which were multiple-choice, including a personal information form, 4 of which measured demographic characteristics, in line with various scientific sources in the literature (periodicals and books, etc.), based on laws and regulations. SPSS 20 package program was used to analyze the data and multiple linear regression model was preferred. According to the results of the study: it was seen that recreation activities applied in addition to rehabilitation services have a positive effect on the physical, mental, psychological and social development of the disabled individual.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities On The Translations Of The Word “Îlâf” In Turkish Meanings In A Literal Context A Consideration 2024-01-29T11:18:59+03:00 Hacı ÇİÇEK <p>Although the Qur’ân was sent down in Arabic, it is an ageless book that appeals to all people. The revelation of the Qur’ân in Arabic made Arabic, which remained local in the Arabian Peninsula, a global language. The Qur’an address all nations. In this respect, all nations that embraced Islam competed in writing translations and interpretations of the Qur’ân in their own languages. As in the languages ​​of other Muslim nations, many Qur'ânic interpretations and commentaries were written by the Turks. In fact, these works were evaluated as the most auspicious actions. In this context, it is possible to say that Arabic is the luckiest language among the world languages. It is natural that there are different perspectives and nuances in the cultural context where the mind is located. It has been observed that more than one meaning is given to the same word by different authors in Turkish translations. It has even been observed that changes have been made in the words and concepts even in the translation copies of the same translation author(s) published on different dates. It can be said that the use of words and concepts in the language in different forms plays a role in this. Because, as in every text, the most important point, especially in sacred text translations, is references to understand and assimilate the given meaning. In this study, some evaluations and analyze were made about the translations of the word "îlâf" in the meanings of the Quraysh sura.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities Evaluation Of Visual Perception And Motor Planning In Children With Mild And Moderate Mental Retardation From The Perspective Of Occupational Therapy 2024-01-30T13:52:04+03:00 Şeyda Nimet AKGÜN Sevda ASQAROVA <p>Mental retardation is a neurodevelopmental condition that starts during the developmental stages and causes inability to maintain independent life and adaptation problems in daily life due to cognitive retardation. In this study, the effects of visual perception and motor planning skills on the daily life of preschool children aged 5-7 years were investigated. A total of 60 individuals diagnosed with mental retardation, 30 with mild mental retardation and 30 with moderate mental retardation were included in the study. Frostig Developmental Visual Perception Test was used to measure visual perception skills; Posture Imitation Test, Verbal Command Praxis, Bilateral Motor Coordination Test, Balance Test during Standing and Walking Test were used to check motor planning skills; and Functionality Measurement for Children (WEEFIM) was used to evaluate as an occupational therapist. When the statistical results were analyzed, children with moderate mental retardation had lower results in all scores than children with mild mental retardation. Functioning measures in all children with MR were highly correlated with both visual perception and motor skills (p&lt;0.01). In the regression model in which visual perception and motor skills are based on functionality, these skills explain 90.1% of the change in WEEFIM. In children with Mental Retardation, visual perception skills and motor planning skills can positively affect the child's functionality in daily life.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities A Study On Brand Cities, The Example Of Tea and Rize Province 2024-01-31T00:02:13+03:00 Mehmet TATOĞLU <p>Cities make various investments to become brands, to be recognized and to increase their income. Various studies are carried out to recognize your place in the world, improve the city's image, invite investors to the city, and increase tourism revenues. Tea has an important place in world trade. Research shows that tea is integrated with the Rize province. Although cities are similar to each other in terms of lifestyle and have common characteristics, they create some differences throughout the historical process. In this respect, there are various cultural differences even between districts in some of our neighboring provinces. City identity reaches a certain maturity over a long period of time. The expectations of residents and future guests should be met by developing appropriate communication strategies. Branding the city in a certain area or product is extremely important in terms of increasing the value, importance and attractiveness of that place. Branding is important for Rize to become a center of attraction by highlighting its unique values. Rize province has been known and known for its tea for years. In the studies conducted by researchers on Rize, the first thing that came to mind was tea. Rize has various different features other than tea. Rize's historical, cultural and natural riches, plateaus and endemic vegetation create advantages in terms of branding. In addition to focusing only on a single product in branding, it is important to put forward strategies for other strong characteristics of the city in terms of contribution. Document review method was used in the study. The aim of the study is to investigate the contribution of the tea plant, which is integrated and mentioned with the province of Rize, to the branding process. As a result, brand cities and their activities in our country were examined and how Rize could become a brand city with tea was investigated. It has been revealed that the city's potential for change and development can be highlighted with tea. In addition, it has been seen that natural and geographical beauties will contribute to the promotion of the city, but tea is the main element.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities The Effect Of Visual Arts Education And Painting Workshop Practices On The Positive And Negative Disease Symptoms Of Patients Diagnosed With Schizophrenia 2024-02-04T14:18:04+03:00 Yusuf HAN Gonca YAYAN <p>In this study, the effect of visual arts education on positive and negative symptoms in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia was examined. The research was selected from patients registered to the Community Mental Health Center at SBÜ Van Regional Training and Research Hospital affiliated with the Ministry of Health. It was carried out with 14 patients who were diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-V diagnostic criteria, aged between 24-45, and who were under regular TRSM follow-up for at least six months. Visual arts training was given for six weeks and paintings were made with oil pastels.In the research, a single-group pretest-posttest experimental design of "experimental study", one of the quantitative research approaches, was used. SAPS-SANS scales were applied to the same subject group before and after visual arts education and practices. The significant difference between the applied tests was provided by Shapiro-Wilk normality test and analysed by Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test. In all analyses, p&lt;0.05 was accepted as the significance level. Data were analyzed with SPSS 21 program. As a result of the research, there were significant differences in statistics and Visual Arts Education and practices, together with ongoing medical treatment, had a reducing effect on positive and negative disease symptoms.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities All Aspects Of Adolescent Suicides 2024-02-12T20:26:11+03:00 Oğuz POLAT Alim CANSIZ <p>Death is a difficult reality to grasp for adults, and even more so for children. It is generally thought that children cannot comprehend death until a certain age. Suicide attempts in children and adolescents show a sad increase in transition from childhood to adolescence. Suicides occur through various factors, primarily psychological, sociological, and biological factors. It is observed that suicides often rank 2nd or 3rd among the top 10 causes of death in children and adolescents worldwide. In a world that readily praises the potential of youth, the disquieting reality of adolescent suicide persists as a silent crisis. This article seeks to expose this silent struggle, delve into its multifaceted causes encompassing psychological factors and forensic sciences, and address the urgent need for collective action. Despite being overlooked by the public eye, adolescent suicides reveal a crisis in a period expected to be filled with boundless hope and enthusiasm. The statistics surrounding adolescent suicides present a story too alarming to ignore. This complex crisis includes psychological aspects, as the tumultuous journey of adolescence is characterized by emotional turbulence and the formation of identity. When these natural struggles intersect with issues such as depression, anxiety, or untreated mental illnesses, the risk of suicide escalates.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities Investigation Of Attitudes Towards The Environment And Thrill-Seeking Of Participants In Outdoor Sports Activities 2024-02-13T13:48:34+03:00 Mete Berk DEMİRYOL Burak GÜRER <p>In recent years, environmental damage has begun to increase due to global climate change. Outdoor sports are among the areas that feel these effects the most. Because, nature offers many opportunities for sensation seeking. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between the attitudes towards the environment and sensation seeking of participants in outdoor sports activities. The population of the research consisted of participants in outdoor activities in Turkey, and the sample consisted of a total of 298 outdoor sports athlete participants selected by random sampling method. Survey collection technique, one of the quantitative research methods, was used to collect data. Data collection tools, the Environmental Attitude Scale developed by Uzun and Sağlam (2006) with the Sensation Seeking Scale developed by Hoyle et al., (2002) and adapted into Turkish by Çelik and Turan (2016) were used. Statistical analyzes were obtained using the SPSS 22 package program. According to the findings; Significant differences were found according to gender, athlete license and educational status variables. A weak relationship emerged between environmental attitude and sensation seeking. Accordingly, the environmental attitudes and behaviors of those who go out into outdoor in search of excitement are not related. As a result, it was seen that the environmental attitudes of those participating in outdoor sports activities were high. In today's world where nature is being consumed rapidly, it is recommended that those who participate in outdoor sports pay attention to environmental cleanliness and protection of the environment.</p> <p> </p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities Analysis Of Cultural Heritage Affected After Disasters In The Context Of New Design In Historical Environment: A Proposal For Habib-I Neccar Mosque Through World Examples 2024-02-16T18:49:58+03:00 Aysel Özge KOCABAŞ Tuçenur ERBİLGİN Azra TURGUT Fatma Seda ÇARDAK <p>Due to its location and geological characteristics, our country has been exposed to many natural disasters, especially earthquakes, in the past and today. These disasters have caused economic and environmental losses as well as damage to many historical and cultural heritage. Especially earthquakes pose a great threat to the transfer of historical buildings to future generations due to their great destructive effects. As a result of the recent earthquake in our country, dated 6 February 2023 and centred in Kahramanmaraş, the historical environment and buildings in Antakya, where the damage of the earthquake was felt most severely, were severely damaged and deteriorated. Within the scope of this study, the post-earthquake condition of the Habibi Neccar Mosque in the historical city centre of Antakya, which was largely destroyed by the earthquake, was determined. What kind of interventions can be made in order to preserve the unique identity and historical context of cultural heritage and to transfer it to future generations has been investigated. In this context, examples of cultural heritage in different parts of the world that have suffered destruction and devastation after major disasters have been investigated, and post-disaster conservation and design practices have been examined.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities Rock Tombs Located In Koramşalı District Of Erdemli District Of Mersin Province 2024-02-27T22:21:12+03:00 Harun KURT Harun DEMİRTAŞ Kasım YÜKSELİR <p>Türkiye's geography has hosted many archaeological civilizations. Many architectural works have survived from past civilizations. Grave structures have a special place among these works. Past human communities sent their dead off to their last journeys according to their beliefs. Of course, rock tombs also have an important place among different grave structures. Koramşalı neighborhood, located in the Erdemli district of Mersin province, within the Cilicia Pedias, hosts such structures. Even though today they are quite worn out due to both human influence and the long passage of time, they continue to defy people and time where they are. No archaeological site scanning or excavation work has been carried out in the region. Of course, it would be better if they were evaluated together with other works found in this region. However, the most intact structures in the region that have survived to the present day are the rock tombs that will be discussed here. The rock tombs, which can be easily seen and attract attention even from far away, are no longer the target of illegal excavators. Some rock tombs that survived until recently were completely destroyed by the smugglers. It should be everyone's duty to put a stop to this destruction, to introduce these graves to the authorities and the scientific community, to attract attention and to ensure that what remains is passed on to future generations.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities The EU-Türkiye Deal and the Eastern Mediterranean Route: A Succes or A Failure 2024-02-29T11:44:42+03:00 Ayşem Biriz KARAÇAY <p>The Mediterranean region saw an unprecedented surge in mixed migration flows and the provision of migrant smuggling services in 2015. Over a million migrants and asylum seekers arrived in Europe that year, with more than 80 percent of them crossing the Aegean Sea from Türkiye to Greek islands. In Europe, the influx of unwanted “others” through mass migration has instilled fears at both societal and political levels. Despite the persistent migratory pressure, the European Union (EU) has struggled to devise adequate solutions to regulate the large numbers of refugees, particularly by curtailing irregular migration, human smuggling, and trafficking. In an attempt to deal with irregular migratory flows, the externalization of borders introduces new spatial dimensions for the EU's immediate neighbours, such as Türkiye. The key policy instruments for Türkiye facilitating this externalization process include the 2013 Readmission Agreement, the 2015 Joint Action Plan, and the EU-Türkiye Deal of 18 March 2016. At this background, the aim of this article is to understand the effectiveness of the EU-Türkiye Deal in mitigating irregular border crossings along the Eastern Mediterranean Route. The paper concludes that migration governance strategies implemented in response to the Syrian crisis have introduced new challenges for both Türkiye and the EU.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities Systematic Review On The Implementation Of Schema Therapy Of Substance Abuse 2024-03-04T22:50:19+03:00 Sıla DEREBAŞI Meryem KARAAZİZ <p>The purpose of this review study is to examine the use of schema therapy in individuals with substance abuse. In this study, the systematic review method was used, and no field study or any scale was used. Only the studies handled in English are between the years 2015-2023. These studies consist of research articles. This compilation study was carried out in two stages as February, 2023 and June, 2023. As a result of the literature review, 4 studies were discussed. As a result of these 4 studies, it was seen that schema therapy is an effective treatment method on substance addiction. Schema therapy is an effective treatment method that helps individuals with substance addiction meet their emotional needs and create a healthy lifestyle by restructuring negative schemas.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities The Role of Women in Teaching Turkish Culture to Young People 2024-03-12T14:42:37+03:00 Melek ALPAR Güray ALPAR <p>It is estimated that the number of Turks living in the world is around 350 million. So much so that there is no continent in the world where Turks do not live. On the other hand, it is possible to talk about a common culture that includes all Turks. Although these traditions undergo some changes as they move away from the central region or encounter cultures in other regions, they essentially contain fundamental similarities. For example, red ribbons tied to rings at engagements and to wedding dresses at weddings always represent good luck and fortune. The horse is a must for all Turks. Respecting elders is essential. Women have had a respected place in Turks since the beginning. These traditions have been passed down from generation to generation and have survived to the present day. When evaluated in general, it can be seen that the main factor in this cultural transfer is women. Because women are prominent and important in the transmission of culture due to their role in the family and their influence on children. This situation has not changed today. Women have an important role in building society on solid foundations and maintaining the family structure in a healthy way. In this study, cultural similarities in the Turkish World will be revealed and the role of women in transferring this culture to future generations will be emphasized. In the study, in addition to the previous theoretical studies on the subject, the results of field research were presented with a cultural anthropological perspective and research method, and the universe of the study was limited to the Turkish World.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities Fear Marketing In Disinfectant Advertisements During The Pandemic: The Example Of Lysol And Purell 2024-03-12T14:50:34+03:00 Canan YAŞAR <p>Fear marketing, which is defined as taking advantage of the power of fear for marketing purposes, is used in many areas from health services to marketing of cleaning products. Fear is one of the forces that push people to buy. For this reason, fear can be a reason to buy in existing markets, but it can also lead to the formation of new markets. With the emergence of swine flu, antibacterial gels, and the emergence of the Covid-19 epidemic, products such as masks, disinfectants and visors have been in high demand in the consumer market. The aim of this study is to reveal whether the messages in the advertisements of Lysol brand''Rest Easy No Matter Where They Rest'' and Purell's ''Peace Of Mind'' advertisements published in 2020, which give a fear message in disinfectant advertisements, are perceived and interpreted correctly by consumers. In the research, advertisements were analyzed using Semiotic Analysis Method.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities Atıf Yılmaz Movies From The Perspective Of Feminist Theory In Cinema 2024-03-20T14:31:03+03:00 Ufuk UĞUR İlkay UĞUR İ <p>Turkish cinema has produced films with the Yeşilçam style of production for many years. These types of films are primarily commercial films that aim to achieve success at the box office. With the start of television broadcasts in our country and the development of the video industry, there was a greater need for cinema. Despite the Turkish audience's desire to leave movie theaters and watch movies at home for a while, the interest in movies has not decreased in our country. It can be seen that the films shown in movie theaters, especially in the last twenty years, are mostly commercial films produced according to the wishes of the public. However, before this period, it is seen that directors in the field of cinema turned to different themes and made productions that said something other than commercial films, highlighted women's issues or told women's stories. Again, evaluating this period for Turkish cinema through Atıf Yılmaz's films and addressing it from the perspective of the director's work, which paved the way for films dealing with women's themes, will be important in terms of how women's issues are represented in Turkish cinema. It is possible to say that Atıf Yılmaz, who featured female characters in most of his films or tried to deal with women's issues, had a positive impact on the generation of directors who came after him in this sense.</p> 2024-03-20T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities Effects Of Media On Consumption Habits 2024-03-20T14:44:07+03:00 Ufuk UĞUR İlkay UĞUR İ <p>In today's world, media is seen as the most effective tool in determining people's consumption habits. Media provides advertisements of products and services to consumers and is effective. Various products and brands are constantly promoted through television, the internet, magazines and other media platforms. These advertisements encourage consumers to choose certain products and brands and shape their consumption habits. Consumers' attention is attracted by highlighting brands through various methods in almost all types of media. In addition, companies promote their products through social media. At the same time, it is observed that consumers are guided by product placement in television media, news or TV series platforms. In this respect, it is possible to say that the media affects the consumption culture. Nowadays, brands or products gain popularity and are associated with a certain lifestyle through the media. In this context, media has a significant impact on shaping consumption habits. Consumers unconsciously choose certain products under the influence of the media. In this respect, it is important to critically evaluate media content and develop conscious consumption habits.</p> 2024-03-20T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities