ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh <p>ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences &amp; Humanities (E-ISSN: 2717-7262) is an open access, peer-reviewed, international indexed and refereed journal published by IEDSR ASSOCIATION. Its main objective is to provide an intellectual platform for the international scholars. It aims to promote interdisciplinary studies in humanities and social science and become the leading journal in humanities and social science in the world.</p> en-US yetercilesiz_mbg@hotmail.com (YETER ÇİLESİZ) yetercilesiz_mbg@hotmail.com (Yeter Çilesiz) Thu, 28 Dec 2023 11:15:02 +0300 OJS 3.3.0.11 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Severity Of Addiction According To Some Personal Characteristics Of Substance Dependent Individuals Examining https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/355 <p>Substance abuse is social, economic, legal, medical and psychological problem in our country and all over the world. It becomes the main problem of the countries by creating a problem in terms of in this direction In this study, the severity of addiction according to some personal characteristics of substance addicted individuals, intended to be examined. The universe of the research consists of 18 years old and over substance addicted individuals. In this study, sampling from the universe was used by using purposive sampling method has been selected. The scales were performed to the participants at Adana Dr. Ekrem Tok Mental Health and Diseases Hospital It was given face to face at AMATEM. 168 diagnosed individuals were interviewed. Research purposes Personal Information Form and BAPI were included in the questionnaire created in line with the questionnaire. Research In the analysis of the data, non-parametric tests were performed because the data set did not fit the normal distribution. were used, Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were performed. Drug addict socio-demographic characteristics of the participants, some characteristics of their parents and substance use The distribution of some of the properties related to this subject was determined by frequency analysis. Participants' gender, age, when marital status, education, family histories are examined, it is seen that the severity of addiction changes findings have been obtained.</p> Bengü ANAR, Bingül SUBAŞI HARMANCI Copyright (c) 2023 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/355 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Sustainable Development Awareness of Teacher Candidates Levels and Lifelong Learning Tendencies https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/356 <p>In the changing and developing world, our needs are also changing day by day. Sustainable development awareness is an important factor that needs to be raised in order for our society to reach the level of welfare and for individuals to exist at a satisfactory level in social aspects and economically. At the same time, in line with these needs, it is aimed to be able to access information and to be life-long learners in order to keep up with the changing and developing era. The role of teachers in gaining such competencies is of great importance. Based on this, it was aimed to determine the relationship among teacher candidates by determining their sustainable development awareness levels and lifelong learning tendency levels according to various variables (gender, department). The study was carried out with 91 teacher candidates studying at the faculty of education in the 2021-2022 academic year of Sivas Cumhuriyet University determined by the purposive sampling method. The "Lifelong Learning Tendency Scale" developed by Gür Erdoğan and Arsal (2016) was used as a tool for collecting lifelong learning tendency data in the research. The “Sustainable Development Awareness Scale” (SUSP) developed by Demirbaş Öztürk (2011) was used as a means of collecting sustainable development awareness level data. The data were analyzed using a statistical program. The findings obtained as a result of the analysis revealed that the sustainable development awareness levels of the teacher candidates are above the median, there is no significant difference depending on gender, but there is a significant difference according to the department where they are educated. It was revealed that the level of lifelong learning tendencies is also above the median, there is a significant difference depending on the gender variable, and there is no significant difference according to the departments. Lastly, it was found that there was a positive relationship between the two scales.</p> Ekrem ERÖZ, Burcu GÜNAY, Yelkin DİKER COŞKUN Copyright (c) 2023 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/356 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300 A Systematic Review On Post Bipolar Disorder And Bdt Therapy https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/357 <p>The aim of this review study is to examine the use of CBT therapy in individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder. In this study, systematic review method was used and no field study or any scale was used. Turkish Dec English language and English language studies are between the years 2010-2023. These studies consist of pilot studies and research articles. February May 2023 and May 2023 This review study was carried out in two phases. As a result of the literature review, 6 studies were considered. As a result of these 6 studies, it has been seen that CBT is an effective and widespread method used in co-diagnoses, as well as being a method that increases compliance with the treatment process and drug therapy, facilitates early diagnosis and intervention. It has been found that compliance with drug therapy increases after CBT therapy is applied in individuals experiencing bipolar disorder, accelerates early diagnosis and interventions, and reduces stress. For this reason, CBT therapy is an effective and widespread method for the treatment of bipolar disorder. The increase in research on bipolar disorder in the world and in our country will reduce the risk of late and incorrect diagnosis, as well as ensure that the level of knowledge of individuals receiving a diagnosis on this topic is high, and the treatment process of patients progresses faster and healthier. In this way, patients with this disorder adapt more easily in their work and social lives, communicate more healthily with other individuals, and allow them to manage the treatment process they experience in the best possible way without isolating themselves from other individuals.</p> Emine AYTAN, Meryem KARAAZİZ Copyright (c) 2023 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/357 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Examining The Relationship Between Pathological Gambling Addiction And Psychological Symptoms, Impulsivity And Self-Control In Adults https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/358 <p>The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between pathological gambling addiction and psychological symptoms, impulsivity and self-control in adults. The population of the study consists of individuals between the ages of 18-65 living in TRNC. 523 individuals determined by random sampling method were included in the study. Study data were obtained through the Personal Information Form, South Oaks Gambling Screening Test (SOKTT) Brief Self-Control Scale, Barratt Impulsivity Scale and Brief Symptom Inventory (KSE). The data were analyzed with the SPSS 22.0 package program. In this study, it was concluded that there was a statistically significant and negative relationship between individuals' gambling addiction scores and self-control scores. However, there is a statistically significant and positive relationship between individuals' gambling addiction scores and psychological symptom and Barrat impulsivity scale scores. In addition, while there was a positive, weakly significant relationship between gambling addiction and the motor impulsivity and attentional impulsivity of the Barrat impulsivity scale, a negative and weakly significant relationship was found between it and the non-planning subscale. The study also concluded that there is a statistically significant and negative relationship between individuals' self-control scores and psychological symptom and Barrat impulsivity scale scores. Finally, the study found that the psychological symptom scale anxiety subscale and self-control scores predicted gambling addiction.</p> Kübra ÖZSAT Copyright (c) 2023 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/358 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The Importance of The 2023 Presidential Elections for Turkish Politics https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/359 <p>Elections are an essential practice in the democratic development of a country regarding the relationship between the rulers and the ruled. Elections are thus recognized as a primary means of ensuring people's control in modern democracies. Elections have significantly contributed to the development of democratic life in Turkey after the transition to the multi-party system. As the Republic enters its centennial year, the presidential elections held in 2023 are considered one of the most critical elections of the recent period for political parties in political, economic and social terms. In this second election of the presidential system of government, political parties formed alliances within the framework of the essential characteristics and requirements of the new system. The formation of alliances can be analyzed in two dimensions. The first aimed to continue the structure and understanding of the "<em>New Turkey</em>" that began with the Recep Tayyip Erdoğan era in Turkish politics. The second is to end the AKP government's practices led by Erdoğan since 2002 and to rebuild the country. This study will try to explain the results of the 2023 presidential election for the winners and losers and the implications of this situation for Turkish politics.</p> Yücel ÖZDEN Copyright (c) 2023 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/359 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300 A Systematic Review on the Use of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Individuals with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/360 <p>Purpose of this compulation is observing usage of cognitive behavioral therapy on people who has obsessive compulsive disorder (ocd).This studies which has been done uses systematic compilation method and does not includes fieldwork or scale.Sources that been used only in turkish is between years 2005-2022.Research takes 40 and 55 as a main age.This study has been done in july 2022.As a result of the scanning,two sources is discussed. Both studies which is present are using case study. As a result of the both sources cognitive behavioral therapy is very effective on individuals&nbsp; which has obsessive compulsive disorder. In the first source which is discussed only cognitive behavioral therapy was used but in the second one cognitive behavioral therapy is used with pharmacology. On people who has obsessive compulsive disorder cognitive behavioral psychotherapy causes positive changes in the course of ilness. Especially using relaxation technique which is one of the teqniques belongs to cognitive behavioral therapy helps the treatment to be more effective and makes it faster. In the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder, early diagnosis is crucial.Thanks to early diagnosis ilness is treated before becoming vital.</p> Sedanur KARAKIŞ, Meryem KARAAZİZ Copyright (c) 2023 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/360 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300 A Sociological Perspective On Football In Terms Of “Belonging” And “Us”: Football In The Context Of Identity, Fanaticism And National Feelings https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/361 <p>Football, being a collective sport, it has become the most common sport in many societies and has played a role in shaping the modern sport culture. Football is the most common sport in Turkey as it is in the world.&nbsp; İt has become a form of identity by being different from other sports brancheswith its watching and fanship qualities. It is possible to observe that the number of spectators and the phenomenon of mass fanship extending far beyond the number of players are the reflection area of ​​all kinds of human emotions. In this study, football was examined in the context of emotions.&nbsp; Emotion forms in football, which is a sport that appeals to communities, have been problematized in terms of their appearance on the axis of identification, belonging/collective identities, fanaticism and national excitements. Basic emotions such as passion, excitement, devotion, joy, happiness, sadness, anger, aggression and national passions emerge in the context of large masses in football. By observing the ways in which various social groups and individuals of all ages socialize with football, It is possible to argue that football is also a social field where all kinds of feelings about life are reflected.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mert Kerem ZELYURT Copyright (c) 2023 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/361 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Systematic Review On Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And Emdr Therapy https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/362 <p>The purpose of this review study is to examine how EMDR therapy is used with people suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. In this study, the systematic review method was used and no field study or any scale was used. The studies in English and Turkish are between 2008-2023. These studies consist of research articles. This compilation study was carried out in two stages: September, 2023 and December, 2023. As a result of the literature review, 6 studies were considered. As a result of these 6 studies, it has been seen that EMDR Therapy is effective in healing and helps the healing process. It has been found that symptoms decrease and improve after EMDR Therapy is applied to people with PTSD. For this reason, EMDR Therapy is an effective method in the treatment of PTSD.</p> Bilge KARAKUŞ, Meryem KARAAZİZ Copyright (c) 2023 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/362 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Examination Of Talent Management And Employee Performance Levels Of Public Servants https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/363 <p>The aim of this study is to investigate the talent management and employee performance levels of public servants. The population of the study consists of public servants aged between 18 and 65 in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). A total of 301 individuals were included in the study using the random sampling method. The data collection tools used in the study include a Personal Information Form, Talent Management Scale, and Employee Performance Scale. The analysis of the study was conducted using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 26.0 software. In this study, it was found that there is a positive and statistically significant correlation between participants' overall scores on the Talent Management Scale and sub-scores of management style, career development, competency, as well as the overall scores on the Employee Performance Scale and sub-scores of organizational culture, motivation, rewards and performance, and job execution. Furthermore, the study revealed that the overall scores on the Talent Management Scale statistically significantly and positively predicted the scores on the Employee Performance Scale.</p> Kerem SINDIR, Serdal GÜNDÜZ Copyright (c) 2023 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/363 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Effects Of Cultural Values And Emotional Intelligence On Job Satisfaction https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/364 <p>The aim of this study is to examine the impact of cultural values and emotional intelligence levels of private sector employees in Northern Cyprus (KKTC) on job satisfaction. The study's population consists of private sector employees aged 18 to 65 in KKTC. A total of 306 individuals were included in the study using a randomized sampling method. A questionnaire consisting of five sections was used as the data collection tool. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 26.0 software was used for data analysis. The study found negative and significant correlations between the participants' scores on the Power Distance sub-dimension of the Cultural Values Scale and their scores on the overall Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale, as well as the internal and external satisfaction sub-dimensions. Furthermore, positive and significant correlations were found between the participants' scores on the Uncertainty Avoidance, Collectivism, and Long-Term Orientation sub-dimensions of the Cultural Values Scale and their scores on the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale, indicating that higher scores on these cultural values were associated with higher job satisfaction. The study did not find any significant correlations between the participants' scores on the Masculinity sub-dimension of the Cultural Values Scale and their scores on the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale. Additionally, the study found positive correlations between the participants' scores on the Emotional Intelligence Scale, particularly on the sub-dimensions related to awareness of emotions, awareness of others' emotions, emotional use, and emotional regulation, and their scores on the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale. This suggests that higher emotional intelligence is associated with higher job satisfaction. In this context, emphasizing the importance of teaching and developing emotional intelligence competencies in organizations to enhance job satisfaction is crucial. It also suggests that evolving cultural values in a way that promotes job satisfaction is essential for both organizations and employees' productivity. However, it is important to note that the study has certain limitations, such as a relatively small sample size and the reliance on self-reported questionnaire responses. Further research with larger and more diverse samples may provide a more comprehensive understanding of the relationships between cultural values, emotional intelligence, and job satisfaction</p> Kerim ÇETİN, Serdal GÜNDÜZ Copyright (c) 2023 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/364 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300 A Systematic Review On The Use Of Schema Therapy In Obsessive Compulsive Disorder https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/365 <p>The aim of this review study is to examine the use of schema therapy in individuals with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. In this study, the systematic review method was used and no field study or any scale was used. Experimental studies and randomized controlled trials that can be accessed in the Google Scholar database between 2008 and 2020 in Turkish and English language with related keywords and abstract or full text were evaluated. This review was conducted in two phases, September, 2023 and December, 2023. As a result of the literature review, 8 studies were reviewed. Interpreted 8 experimental studies and randomized controlled trials. As a result of 8 studies, it was seen that schema therapy had a positive effect on OCD patients. The findings of this review concluded that schema therapy plays an accelerating role in recovery and is an effective method to achieve results in a short time.</p> Beyzanur ÖZDEMİR, Meryem KARAAZİZ Copyright (c) 2023 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/365 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300 School Guidance & Counseling in the 21st Century: A Focused Review https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/366 <p>Guidance is a process of helping, assisting and classifying with the major emphasis on the development of an individual as a happy citizen who is secure enough so that he can work towards helping others to achieve a similar security. Although they could employ different methods to accomplish their goals, this is the fundamental goal shared by counsellors and teachers alike. In particular, the goal of guiding in the educational process is to pinpoint and remove the reasons behind failure, poor adjustments, sporadic attendance, and other issues impeding the student's development. In a basic one-on-one social setting, counselling is a learning process where a counsellor helps a client gain a better understanding of and acceptance of who they are. The counsellor also teaches the client how to apply this newfound understanding to more clearly defined and achievable goals, ultimately enabling the client to become a happier and more productive member of society. Counselling is a dynamic and intentional connection between two people. The process varies depending on the needs of the clients, but both the counsellor and the student are constantly involved, with the clients' self-categorization and self-determination being the main focus. Today, school counsellors must evolve from their current helper-responder positions to proactive leaders who champion the academic achievement of all children. They are expected to be responsible from personal guidance, social guidance, vocational guidance, health guidance, educational guidance &amp; counseling in new school based social skills programs; expected to be a responsible partner in school crises involving threat, potential harm, schools guns, death, suicide, violence and assaults; understand and managing online data and privacy of children; consider multiculturalism and mental health needs and assist driving talented children.</p> Azam AKDEMİR Copyright (c) 2023 ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ispecjournal.org/index.php/ispecijssh/article/view/366 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300