The Case of Zelman v Simmons-Harris and the Shifts in American Secularism

Authors

  • Nesrin UNLU Marmara University Sociology of Religion nesrin.unlu@marmara.edu.tr, ORCID: 0000-0003-4981-1966

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol5iss1pp32-50

Keywords:

Zelman v Simmons-Harris, America, Secularism

Abstract

Through the lenses of the case of Zelman v Simmons-Harris(2002), this article discusses the American concept of secularism. Unlike the direct government aid to religious activities in various European and Turkish political systems, the American government supports religious instruction only indirectly. Even though the government programs providing financial aid for religion has always faced rigorous examination in the Supreme Court, the current case law of the Court opens the door for a significant amount of unspecified cash flow to religious schools. Thanks to this constitutional pass, it is possible for future politics and legislative endeavors to reshape the contours of state-religion relations in the field of education. Thus, the distinct feature of American secularism based on separation between church and state might bend further.

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Cases:

• Everson v Board of Education, 330 U.S. 1 (1947)

• Board of Education v Allen, 392 U.S. 236 (1968)

• Lemon v. Kurtzman, 403 U.S. 602 (1971).

• Meek v Pittenger, 421 U.S. 249 (1975)

• Wolman v Walter, 433 U.S. 229 (1977)

• Muller v Allen, 483 U.S. 388 (1983)

• Wallace v. Jaffree, 472 U.S. 38 (1985).

• Aguilar v. Felton, 473 U.S. 402 (1985)

• School District of Grand Rapids v Ball, 473 U.S. 373 (1985).

• Witters v Washington Department Services for the Blind, 474 U.S. 481, (1986)

• Zobrest b Catalina Foothills School District, 509 U.S. 1 (1993)

• Agostini v. Felton of 1997, 521 U.S. 203 (1997).

• Mitchell v Helms, 530 U.S. 793 (2000).

• Zelman v. Simmons-Harris, 536 U.S. 639 (2002).

Locke v Davey, 540 U.S. 712 (2004)

• Trinity Lutheran Church of Colombia v Carol S. Comer, Director, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, 582 U.S. (2017)

• 72 F.Supp.2d 834 (1999)

• Sixth Circuit, Simmons-Harris v Zelman, No: 00-3055/3060/3063.

Published

2021-02-02

How to Cite

UNLU, N. . (2021). The Case of Zelman v Simmons-Harris and the Shifts in American Secularism. ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 5(1), 32-50. https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol5iss1pp32-50

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Articles