Competitiveness of Turkey in Organic Olive and Olive Oil Sector


  • Tuğçe KILIÇ Ph.D. Student, Bursa Uludağ University, Department of Agricultural Economics,, ORCID: 0000-0001-5886-8230
  • Şule TURHAN Corresponding Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Bursa Uludağ University, Department of Agricultural Economics, ORCID: 0000-0001-9155-8170



: Export Performance (CEP) Index, Olive, Organic, Olive Oil


Along with the growing interest in healthy living and nutrition in the world, the importance of production and consumption of wild olive and olive oil has been increasing in recent years. The competitiveness of industry in Turkey, not only to olive production, interest in the processing industry and commerce has boosted. Investments in olive and olive oil sectors from different sectors have increased. Starting from this approach, which is located in Turkey's two major export products of olive and olive oil sector has been the subject of this study. Comparative Export Performance (CEP) index was used to measure the competitiveness of the sector. The study covers the years 2005-2017. According to the findings obtained with the CEP index, it is seen that we do not have a competitive advantage in the olive oil sector and we have a competitive advantage in the olive  sector against Egypt and Argentina. However, it has been determined that we do not have the same advantage against Spain, Greece and Morocco. Despite these results are included in Turkey's exports in the first two products in 10 countries.


Akgüngör S., Barbaros F., Kumral N., (2002). Competitiveness of the Turkish fruit and vegetable processing industry in the European Union Market, Russian & East European Finance and Trade, 38 (3): 34-53.

Alidou, M., Ceylan R.F., Ilbasmıs E. (2017). Trade and Revealed Comparative Advantage Measures: A Case of Main Export Crops of Benin Republic, Journal of Kastamonu University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 18(1), 382-397.

Bashimov G., (2017). Grape Production and Export Performance in Turkey, U. U. Journal of Faculty of Agriculture, 31(2), pp.57-68.

Bekmez, S., Terzioğlu M. (2008). Methods of Measuring Competition, Competitiveness and Competitiveness, Turkey and the European Union Competition Sectoral Analysis Editör: Selahattin Bekmez, Nobel p., Ankara.

Boansi, D. (2014). Comparative Performance of Agricultural Export Trade: During and Post- Agricultural Diversification Project in Ghana, British Journal of Economics, Management & Trade, 4, Sayı 10, 1501-11.

Bojnec S, Fertö I, (2009). Agro-food trade competitiveness of Central European and Balkan Countries, Food Policy, 34 (5): 417-425.

Donat, I. 2017. Opportunity to Create Added Value and Branding in Olive Oil

Donges, J.B., C. Krieger-Boden, R.J. Langhammer, K-W. Schatz, C.S. Thoroe (1982). The Second Enlargement of The European Community: Adjustment Requirements and Challenges for Policy Reform, Kieler Studien, No:171. Kiel

Erkan B., (2012). Revealed Comparative Export Performance of countries with comparative advantages Coefficient Determination: The Case of Turkey-Syria ZKU Journal of Social Sciences, 8 (15) pp.195-218.

FAO. (2017). http://faostat,

FİBL. (2017). (20.05.2020)

Kuşat N., (2019). Comparative Export Performance (CEP) Candidate Countries Turkey's AB28 by the Opposite Competitiveness Index (2006-2016), Hacettepe University Journal of Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences 37 (1) pp. 111-133.

Liesner, H.H. (1958).The European Common Market and British Industry",.Economic Journal, 68: 302-316.

Merdan K., Vedat K., (2013) Economic Analysis of Organic Agriculture in TurkeyJournal of Atatürk University Institute of Social Sciences, 17 (3) pp.239-252.

Özdemir, M. B., Kösekahyaoğlu, L. (2019). Turkey's orange, mandarin, lemon and apricot age in Comparative Export Performance and Competitiveness Analysis Products. International Refereed Journal (ASSAM-UHAD)-ASSAM International Refereed. 6(14), 84-105.

Özkaya, M. T., Tunalıoğlu, R., Eken, Ş., Ulaş, M., Tan, M., Danacı, A., İnan, N., Tibet, Ü. (2010). Problems and Solutions of the olive Turkey. Chamber of Agricultural Engineers, gricultural Engineering VII. Technical Congress, 11-15 January, Ankara, 515-537.

Öztürk, F.Yalçın, M.Varol H. (2010). Economic Analysis Of Conventional And Organic Olive Cultivation in The Aegean Region. Turkey IV. Organic Agriculture Symposium, Erzurum, 28 June - 1 July 2010.

Rana, P. B., (1988). Shifting Revealed Comparative Advantage: Experiences of Asian and Pacific Developing Countries, Asian Development Bank, 42.

Saraçoğlu, B., Köse N. (2000). International Competitiveness of Some Food Industries: Pasta, Biscuit and Flour Industry, Project Report, 2000-2, May 2000, Ankara.

Suntharalıngam, C. Ruslı, R., AB Halim, N. (2011). Competitiveness of Malaysia's Fruits in the Global Agricultural and Selected Export Markets: Analyses of Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and Comparative Export Performance (CEP), Economic and Technology Management Review, Vol. 6 (2011):1-17.

Şahin, D. (2016). Measurement of the Competitiveness of the Manufacturing Industry: The Case of Turkey and the BRIC Countries. Ege Acadeic Review. 16(4), 709-718.

Şahinli, M.A. (2014). Revealed Comparative Advantage and Competitiveness: Turkey Agriculture Sector, Yüzüncü Yıl University Journal of Agricultural Sciences (YYU J AGR SCI) 2014, 24(3): 210- 217.

T.R Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (2017). Bitkisel Üretim, Organik Tarım İstatistikleri. (20.05. 2019).

Torayeh, N.M. (2013) The Competıtıveness Of The Egyptıan Agricultural Export in the EUF Market; Should Egypt Diversify Its Trade Pattern? Applied Econometrics and International Development 13(2).

Utkulu, U. Seymen D. (2004). Revealed Comparative Advantage and Competitiveness: Evidence for Turkey vis-a-vis the EU/15. Paper Presented on the European Trade Study Group 6th Annual Conference ETSG, Nottingham.



How to Cite

Tuğçe KILIÇ, & Şule TURHAN. (2020). Competitiveness of Turkey in Organic Olive and Olive Oil Sector. ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 4(3), 167-182.