Developing and Doing Validity and Reliability of the Motivational Factors Scale of Recreational Motorcycle Usage


  • Prof. Dr. Faik Ardahan Akdeniz University, Sport Science Faculty, Recreation Department, Antalya/TURKEY
  • Selçuk GÜLEÇ Physical Education Teacher, Huseyin Ak Middle School, Antalya Provincial Directorate of National Education Antalya/TURKEY,



Validity and Reliability, Motivational Factors, Recreation, Motorcycle


The main aim of this study is to develop “The Motivational Factors Scale of Recreational Motorcycle Usage - RMKO” and define the validity and reliability for Turkish population. The study was descriptive and sampling group was consisted of 947 volunteer participants all around Turkey. For data collection, e-questionnaire form sent to participants who have Facebook group and Associations of Recreational Motorcycle User, Motorcycle Clubs and Institutions as email. 948 feedbacks were received between 01st December 2016 and 31th May 2017. Six of items of 45 items excluded due to low initial communalities (<0.40) in after first Explatory Factor Analysis (AFA). For the validity of EFA with rest 39 items, Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity and Kaiser–Meyer–Oklin (KMO) have been run, and Pearson Correlation Test has been used for identify correlations between items and components and the results have been assessed in 0.01 and 0.05 significant level. RMKO was grouped into eight factors. These factors are “Socialization”, “To be away and Relaxing”, “Experiencing the Power of Motorcycle”, “Physical Activity and Healthy”, “Renovate/Developed”, “Self-Competition /Achievement”, “Exemplifying”, “Recognition”. As a result, it can be concluded that “The Motivational Factor Scale of Recreational Motorcycle Usage - RMKO” has reliability and validity in the estimation of the reasons of recreational usage of motorcycle for the Turkish population.


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How to Cite

Ardahan, P. D. F., & Selçuk GÜLEÇ. (2020). Developing and Doing Validity and Reliability of the Motivational Factors Scale of Recreational Motorcycle Usage. ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 4(3), 129-144.