The Profile of Recreational Motorcycle Users: Turkey Case

Authors

  • Prof. Dr. Faik Ardahan Akdeniz University, Sport Science Faculty, Recreation Department, Antalya/TURKEY
  • Selçuk GÜLEÇ Hüseyin Ak Ortaokulunda Beden Eğitimi Öğretmeni Antalya/Türkiye, selcukgulec07@gmail.com

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss3pp212-240

Keywords:

Motorcycle, Motor Usage, Profile, Recreation

Abstract

The main aim of this research was to identify the profile of the Recreational Motorcycle Users in Turkey. The research was descriptive and sampling group was consisted of 947 participants all around Turkey. Data was collected by using questionnaire form developed for specifically for this research with electronic survey on social media between 1th February 2017- 30 th June 2017. In the processing of data, descriptive statistic methods have been used. The findings show that recreational motor users were well educated, men, average aged, have average monthly income, employed in private and public sector, using Endure, Scooter and Turing/Sport Touring motor types, spent 15% of their annual income, decided to use motor by themselves, prefer to participate in motor activities with alone and/or other motor users, to waste their free time in passive activities like surfing and resting in home, but some prefer outdoor sports and fitness centers, watching documentaries and newscasts on TV, also some of their brother/sisters use motor, not prefer reading books, going cinemas, watching TV, but they spent most of spare time by talking about motors, even if they have enough specialization on motor usage and safety, they want advanced driving courses. Their most important motivational reasons for using motor were feeling freedom, get renewed and refreshed feelings, and escape from daily routine. As a result, it can be concluded that recreational motor usage is a life style and creates a big economic impacts, even if they define themselves as conscious motor user, they state there are numerous unconscious motor user and drivers in daily traffics, and must be given courses about advanced driving, safety and responsibility of respect.

References

Ardahan, F. ve Akdeniz, Y. (2017). Koristlerin Profilleri ve Bireyleri Korolara Korist Olarak Katılmaya Motive Eden Faktörlerin Demografik Değişkenlerle Karşılaştırılması: Antalya Örneği. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi, Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Yüksekokulu, Uluslararası 4. Turizm ve Rekreasyon Kongresi, 21-23 Nisan 2017, Burdur, Türkiye.

Ardahan, F. ve Çalışkan, A. (2017). Bireyleri spor festivaline katılmaya motive eden faktörlerin çeşitli demografik değişkenlere ve yıllara göre karşılaştırılması: RUNATOLIA'ya örneği . Journal of Human Sciences, 14(2): 2149- 2177. doi:10.14687/jhs.v14i2.4434

https://doi.org/10.14687/jhs.v14i2.4434

Ardahan, F. ve Güleç, S. (2017). Developing and Doing Validity and Reliability of the Motivational Factors Scale of Recreational Motorcycle Usage. 5th International Academic Conference on Social Sciences. Proceedings Book. 27-28 th July 2017, Barcelona, Spain.

Ardahan, F. ve Güleç, S. (2017). Developing and Doing Validity and Reliability of the Motivational Factors Scale of Recreational Motorcycle Usage. 5th International Academic Conference on Social Sciences. Proceedings Book. 27-28 th July 2017, Barcelona, Spain.

Ardahan, F. ve Güleç, S. (2018). Bireyleri Motosiklet Kullanmaya Motive Eden Faktörlerin Çeşitli Değişkenlere Göre Karşılaştırılması. Uluslararası Rekreasyon ve Spor Yönetimi Kongresi. 10 - 13 Mayıs 2018, La Blanche Island Hotel, Bodrum, Muğla, Türkiye.

Ardahan, F. ve Mert, M. (2014). Bisiklet Kullanan Bireylerin Profillerinin Belirlenmesi ve Bireyleri Bisiklet Kullanmaya Motive Eden Faktörlerin Çeşitli Demografik Değişkenlere Göre Değerlendirilmesi: Türkiye Örneği. Türkiye Klinikleri Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(2): 53-57.

Ardahan, F. ve Turgut, T. (2013). Motivational factors for recreational fishing, the profile and life satisfaction level of recreational fishers and non-participants of fishing in Turkey", Turkish Journal Of Sport And Exercise, 15(1): 58-72.

Ardahan, F., Turgut, T. ve Kaplan Kalkan, A. (2016). Her Yönüyle Rekreasyon. Ankara: Delta Yayıncılık.

Arıcı, A.F. (2008). Okumayı Niye Sevmiyoruz? Ünversite Öğrencileriyle

Avcı, S., Yüksel, A. ve Akıncı, T. (2010). Okuma Alışkanlığı Kazandırmada Etkili Bir Yöntem: Okuma Çemberi. M.Ü. Atatürk Eğitim Fakültesi Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi.32:5-24.

Chang, H.L. ve Lai, C.Y. (2015). Using travel socialization and underlying motivations to better understand motorcycle usage in Taiwan. Accident Analysis and Prevention 79: 212-220.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2015.03.023

Christmas, S., Young, D., Cookson, R. ve Cuerden, R. (2009). Passion, Performance, Practicality: Motorcyclists' Motivations and Attitudes to Safety - Motorcycle Safety Research Project. Project Record: PPRO 4/001/043. Transport Research Laboratory. Department for Transport, Road User Safety.

Daniello, A., Gabler, H. ve Mehta, Y. (2009). Effectiveness of motorcycle training and licensing. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2140, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C: pp. 206-213. DOI: 10.3141/2140-23.

https://doi.org/10.3141/2140-23

Duprey, R. (2017). 12 Motorcycle Statistics That'll Floor You. The facts that explain the changing face of the motorcycle industry and those who support it https://www.fool.com/investing/2017/03/05/7-motorcycle-statistics-thatll-floor-you.aspx.

Gabriëlle Stephanie, W.S. (2013). A Human Geographical Exploration of Adventure Motorcycling Freedom to move, freedom to feel, freedom to choose. Master Thessis of Science in Geography in the University of Hull, Cottingham, United Kingdom

Harrington M. ve Dawson D. (1995). Who Has it Best? Women's Labor Force Participation, Perceptions Of Leisure and Constraints To Leisure. Journal of Leisure Research. 27(1): 4-25.

https://doi.org/10.1080/00222216.1995.11969974

Haworth, N. (2012). Powered two wheelers in a changing world - Challenges and opportunities. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 44(1), 12-18.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2010.10.031

http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do;jsessionid=LyWvhJDHZbw3rHNqZnQLv9CygjJF3PWTQ2jf3pH912Tv2xkJj3w1!116634633?id=27643

Huth, V., Füssl, E. ve Risser, R. (2014). Motorcycle riders' perceptions, attitudes and strategies: Findings from a focus group study. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. 25:74-85.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2014.05.004

Ibrahim H. ve Cordes K.A. (2002). Outdoor Recreation, Enrichment for a Lifetime. Second Edition, Sagamore Publishing, Il, p. 5-150.

Ibrahim H.ve Cordes K.A. (2002). Outdoor Recreation, Enrichment For a Lifetime. Urbana, IL.

Jackson, E.L. ve Henderson, K.A. (1995). Gender-Based Analysis of Leisure Constraints. Leisure Sciences. 17(1):31-51.

https://doi.org/10.1080/01490409509513241

Kaplan Kalkan, A., Ardahan, F. (2013). Doğa Sporları Yapan Bireylerin Profilleri, Doğa Sporu Yapma Nedenleri ve Elde Ettikleri Faydalar: Antalya Örneği, Giresun Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Karadeniz Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 8(1):93-114.

Koçak, S., Uçar, K., Bayır, A. ve Ertekin, B. (2010). Acil Servise Başvuran Motosiklet ve Bisiklet Kazası Olgularının Karakteristikleri. Türkiye Acil Tıp Dergisi.10(3):112-118

Krige, M. (1995). Quantitative report on the profile of Australian motorcycle riders, Public Education Market Research Report 2/95. Canberra: Federal Office of Road Safety.

Mülakatlar. Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 5(10):90-100.

Powell, R.A. (2017). Altruism in the American Motorcycle Culture: An Exploration of Organizational Citizen Behaviors and Impression Management. Doctoral dissertation. The School of Communication and the Arts, Regent University. ProQuest NUmber: 10273613.

Schneider IV, W. H., Savolainen, P. T., Van Boxel, D. ve Beverley, R. (2012). Examination of factors determining fault in two-vehicle motorcycle crashes. Accident Analysis & Prevention. 45:669-676.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2011.09.037

Steg, L. (2005). Car use: lust and must. Instrumental, symbolic and affective motives for car use. Transportation Research Part A 39: 147-162.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2004.07.001

Steg, L., Geurs, K. ve Ras, M. (2001). The Effect of Motivational Factors on Car Use: A Multidisciplinary Modelling Approach. Transportation Research Part A 35: 789-806.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0965-8564(00)00017-3

Strutter, E. (2010). Sons of Anarchy (Season III). New York, NY: FX Network.

TUIK (2018a). Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu, Yıllara Göre Motorlu Kara Taşıtları Sayısı.

TUIK (2018b). Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu, 2018-Şubat ayına göre Motorlu Kara Taşıtları Sayısı.

http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do;jsessionid=LyWvhJDHZbw3rHNqZnQLv9CygjJF3PWTQ2jf3pH912Tv2xkJj3w1!116634633?id=27643

TUIK (2018c) Motorlu Kara Taşıtları, İllere göre motorlu kara taşıtları sayısı http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=27642

https://www.motorcular.com/tr/moto-bilgi/motosikletin-tarihi- (Okunma Tarihi: 7 Nisan 2018)

http://www.forumgercek.com/motor-sporlari-motorsiklet-dunyasi/40343-motosiklet-tarihi-ve-kronolojsi.html (Okunma Tarihi: 7 Nisan 2018)

https://www.tmf.org.tr/tmf/tmf-hakkinda/

http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=24606

http://www.motosiklet.net/forum/moto-sohbet/145396-turkiye-ve-dunyada-trafik-kaza-istatistikleri-olum-oranlari-vs-2007-2013-icerir.html (Okunma Tarihi: 9 Nisan 2018)

http://www.uludag.edu.tr/dosyalar/ziraat/EgitiminOnemi.pdf (Okunma Tarihi: 9 Nisan 2018)

https://www.motorcular.com/tr/moto-bilgi/motosiklet-turleri (Okunma Tarihi: 9 Nisan 2018)

https://www.bizevdeyokuz.com/motosiklet-cesitleri/ (Okunma Tarihi: 9 Nisan 2018)

https://www.statista.com/statistics/183549/us-sales-of-motorcycles-since-1990/

https://www.statista.com/statistics/255516/us-motorcycle-bicycle-and-parts-manufacturing-gross-output/

Published

2020-06-19

How to Cite

Ardahan, P. D. F., & Selçuk GÜLEÇ. (2020). The Profile of Recreational Motorcycle Users: Turkey Case. ISPEC International Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 4(3), 212-240. https://doi.org/10.46291/ISPECIJSSHvol4iss3pp212-240

Issue

Section

Articles